Canada is a country found in the continent of North America, the northern part of the continent. Canada is a very highly developed country that many students especially international students dream to study in. Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world in terms of land area with over 10 million square kilometers of land. Canada has 10 unique provinces and a total of 3 territories. The Education System in Canada is very excellent, hence it is an highly sought after country amongst students all over the world.
In this article, we will be looking at The Education System in Canada extensively. Let’s get to it, shall we?
Introduction to Education System in Canada
A majority of the Education System in Canada is public funded, that is, it is overseen by the government both at the provincial, territorial and local governments. Education in the country is divided into three categories: the primary education, the secondary education and the post secondary education. Each province and territory in Canada has Ministers of Education. And both English Language and French languages are spoken in the schools. All provinces in Canada have made education compulsory for all up to the age of 16 except provinces like Manitaba, New Brunswick and Ontario where the compulsory age is 18 years or when the individual has achieved high school diploma. The number of school days in a year in Canada is 190 days (it is 180 days in the Quebec province).
The academic session generally starts in September every year and ends in June. Also, in the province of British Columbia, there are 172 school days in a year. According to the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development), 61% of Canadians between the ages of 25 and 34 have attained some type of tertiary education. This figure is one of the highest in all of OECD countries with Canada ranking second position below South Korea. Also, 31% of Canadians between age 25 – 64 have attained a Bachelor’s degree or higher and this is in unison with the OECD’s average of 31%.
How much does the Canadian government spend on education?
Up to 5.4% of Canada’s GDP is spent on education. The Canadian government invests heavily in tertiary and post secondary education and they spend up to $20,000 on each student. Although the tuition fees that students pay has increased so much from year 2006 except by up to 40%. can you now see why we said the Education System in Canada is very excellent.
The length of study for children in Canada.
Depending on the province you are in, the length of study varies. Usually, a child in Canada starts Kindergarten at the age of 5 by 31st of December and ends Grade 12 at age 17 by 31st December. After the secondary school education, the child can go on to tertiary studies. Some provinces allow kids to start Kindergarten at age 4.
History of primary and secondary education in Canada.
Primary education to secondary education levels are sometimes referred to as K-12 that is Kindergarten to Grade 12. The grade structure within secondary schooling (also called High school or Collegiate institute in French Language) varies depending on the province in which one resides. New Foundland and Labrador only implemented the Grade 12 system in 1983. Grade 11 was formerly the end of secondary education in the two provinces. Students of the Praire provinces are not mandated to attend Kindergarten. Also, full day kindergarten programs are not available in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Nunavut and Yukon provinces.
Ontario’s kindergarten system consists of 2 years, the Junior Kindergarten for children of ages 4 and Senior Kindergarten for ages five since the 1940’s. Novascotia implemented similar.
Tertiary education in Canada
Tertiary education is usually provided by universities and vocational institutions. The universities could be research universities, university college or universities for undergraduates. While the vocational institutions could be Colleges of Applied Technology, Career Colleges, Vocational Colleges etc.
Universities in Canada generally offer Bachelor’s program, Master’s, Professional, Doctoral degrees and post graduate diplomas. And the vocational institutions usually issue diplomas, apprenticeship, associate degrees as well as certificates.
Universities in Canada do not have an accreditation body that monitors or oversees them. What they have instead is a degree-granting authority through an Act from the Ministry of Education of the province in which they are located. Also, tertiary education and their institutions are the sole responsibility of the provinces and territories in which they are situated. The government of these provinces are the ones that fund these tertiary institutions, apart from fundings from tuition fees and other grants.
Universities in Canada
University education in Canada is considered the most prestigious form of higher education in the country. It is required of students to bring along their students’ Secondary School Transcripts along with their admission application. Criteria to be admitted into the university usually involves the grades earned in the secondary school core courses and the GPA is also calculated from the grades in percentage.
Some of the most prestigious Canadian university programs require students to show letters of reference, evidence of volunteering and community service, evidence of athletic participation, awards and the likes. Basically, Canadian universities base their student criteria for admission around the student’s performance overall in secondary school courses for grades 11 and 12. Also, many Canadian universities have admission cut-off marks or GPA’s which prospective students have to meet. The cut-off marks are set based on the competitiveness of the courses/programs that students applied for.
- Some of the most prominent universities in Canada are national research universities like University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University and the University of Alberta. These universities mentioned are ranked high internationally and locally as well. There are also denomination type of universities like Redeemer University College. There are undergraduate universities like Acadia University, Wilfrid Laurier University etc.
There are many other types of universities in Canada, 26 of the Canadian universities ranked among the 2020 QS World University Rankings. There are also many vocational institutions or colleges that are a great post-secondary option for students. There are also a number of private schools/universities in Canada, although the tuition fees for private universities can be very high.
We hope you learnt alot from this brief article on the Education System in Canada.